countries without paid maternity leave 2018


The term "parental leave" may include maternity, paternity, and adoption leave; or may be used distinctively from "maternity leave" and "paternity leave" to describe separate family leave available to either parent to care for small children. Under the programs, wages are replaced up to a certain percentage and for a specified duration, which vary by state. Out of 193 countries in the United Nations, the U.S. is one of a small handful that do not have a national paid parental leave law. Under the program, employees are paid 55% of their average weekly insurable wage, up to a cap that is determined based on income.

Currently, 24 out of 36 OECD countries offer paid parental leave for an average of 45 weeks with a wage replacement rate of 55–100 percent (Figure 1). The current paid and unpaid leave policies in the U.S.; How other developed countries implement their paid leave programs; and. Reviewed by Bridget Molitor, JD | Last updated April 10, 2020. There are 193 countries in the United Nations, and just a few do not mandate paid parental leave, including: New Guinea, Suriname, a few island nations in the South Pacific, and the U.S.

Additionally, skeptics argue that mandatory paid leave would involve too much government oversight. In a few countries, parental leave may be taken until the child is eight years old.

Provides paid, job-protected leave that allows at least one parent to provide short-term care to a sick child or care to an infant at home (often referred to as home care leave). Unpaid leave is a leave of absence from employment that takes place around a qualifying event, such as childbirth or adoption, during which time employees are not paid but their jobs are protected. The email address cannot be subscribed. Some developed countries such as France and the U.K. began creating or expanding paid maternity leave as far back as after World War II to encourage women to stay in the workforce.
Please try again. A pregnant woman or new mother can get paid maternity leave of up to 15 weeks, then either parent can take 35 weeks of paid parental leave after the birth or adoption of a child. No OECD country finances benefits solely through employer contributions. However, with nearly 90 million children living in countries without paid paternity leave, much work remains to be done, said UNICEF.

Copyright © 2020, Thomson Reuters. Policy in the OECD and EU notes that only half of countries offer at least six months of leave at full pay for mothers. Employers, including small businesses, have also benefited in the states that have implemented paid leave programs.


The bipartisan policy applies to 2.1 million civilian federal workers and it is the first update to federal family leave policy since the Family and Medical Leave Act was enacted in 1993. Instead, employers should be motivated to create their own programs with tax cuts and other policies targeted at economic growth, opponents of mandatory paid leave say. However, many Americans do qualify for paid parental leave because of state or employer policies. Over the past several decades, the U.S. workforce has changed significantly. But families and children aren't the only ones to benefit from paid parental leave, the National Partnership reports.

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