average temperature in russia

The reign of Peter I (the Great; 1689–1725), The reign of Catherine II (the Great; 1762–96), Government administration under Catherine, Education and social change in the 18th century, The Civil War and War Communism (1918–21), The Gorbachev era: perestroika and glasnost, Ethnic relations and Russia’s “near-abroad”, Consolidation of power, Syria, and campaign against the West. From west to east within a narrow latitudinal range, the January mean is 18 °F (−8 °C) at St. Petersburg, −17 °F (−27 °C) at Turukhansk in the West Siberian Plain, −46 °F (−43 °C) at Yakutsk, and −58 °F (−50 °C) at Verkhoyansk. It has four defined seasons with hot summers and mild winters. The air movements even out the north-south contrasts in winter temperatures, which might be expected to occur as a result of latitude. In 2020, the shortest day is December 21, with 7 hours, 0 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 17 hours, 34 minutes of daylight. Extreme winter cold is characteristic of most of Russia; the frost-free period exceeds six months only in the North Caucasus and varies with latitude from five to three months in the European section to three months to less than two in Siberia. Several basic factors determine Russia’s variable climates. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight. Soluble materials are redeposited at lower levels, often resulting in an iron-rich hardpan that impedes the drainage of the upper horizons, which leads to the formation of gley podzols. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day. The net result is a vast seasonal range that increases toward the country’s interior; for example, January and July means differ by 52 °F (29 °C) at Moscow, 76 °F (42 °C) at Turukhansk, and 115 °F (64 °C) at Yakutsk. Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies. The perceived humidity level in Moscow, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 2% of 2% throughout.

Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Moscow changes throughout the year. The forest vegetation provides a surface layer of highly acidic raw humus that decomposes slowly, producing humic acids. The Russia Weather Map below shows the weather forecast for the next 12 days. The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database . Moscow experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall. The wetter season lasts 5.9 months, from May 14 to November 11, with a greater than 25% chance of a given day being a wet day.

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. Moscow experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). Arctic desert—confined to the islands of Franz Josef Land, much of the Novaya Zemlya and Severnaya Zemlya archipelagoes, and the New Siberian Islands—is completely barren land with little or no vegetation. The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day). The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight. Map overlays available for display: Russia Pressure, Wind, Wind+pressure, Russia Freezing level. Vegetation changes from north to south, and three subdivisions are recognized: Arctic tundra, with much bare ground and extensive areas of mosses and lichens; shrubby tundra, with mosses, lichens, herbaceous plants, dwarf Arctic birch, and shrub willow; and wooded tundra, with more extensive areas of stunted birch, larch, and spruce. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season. The average hourly wind speed in Moscow experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year. The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year. However, coniferous forest is not continuous; there are large stands of birch, alder, and willow and, in poorly drained areas, huge stretches of swamp and peat bog. Extreme temperatures diverge greatly from these means. This page includes a chart with historical data for Russia Average Temperature. The cold season lasts for 3.9 months, from November 14 to March 11, with an average daily high temperature below 34°F. The world’s lowest minimum January temperature (outside Antarctica) occurred at Oymyakon, southeast of Verkhoyansk, where a temperature of −96 °F (−71 °C) was recorded, while July maxima above 100 °F (38 °C) have occurred at several stations. support@__remove_this_part__weatherspark.com. Temperature in Russia decreased to -20.43 celsius in December from -16.05 celsius in November of 2015. Please enable JavaScript to access the following map views: All map types that you can enable here: Russia Colour Basemap, Greyscale Basemap, Precipitation, Russia Wind, Temperature, Cloud, Russia Significant Ocean Wave Height. Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more. The earliest sunrise is at 3:44 AM on June 17, and the latest sunrise is 5 hours, 15 minutes later at 8:59 AM on December 28. The wind is most often from the west for 2.9 months, from April 18 to July 16 and for 6.5 months, from July 23 to February 9, with a peak percentage of 33% on June 4. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures. The windier part of the year lasts for 6.2 months, from October 2 to April 10, with average wind speeds of more than 10.0 miles per hour. The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Apart from reindeer, which are herded by the indigenous population, the main animal species are the Arctic foxes, musk oxen, beavers, lemmings, snowy owls, and ptarmigan. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

The windiest day of the year is January 25, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.2 miles per hour. Where was the 1939 World’s Fair held? The taiga is rich in fur-bearing animals, such as sables, squirrels, marten, foxes, and ermines, and it is also home to many elks, bears, muskrat, and wolves. To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. The country’s vast size and compact shape—the great bulk of the land is more than 250 miles (400 km) from the sea, while certain parts lie as much as 1,500 miles (2,400 km) away—produce a dominance of continental regimes. The drier season lasts 6.1 months, from November 11 to May 14. In eastern Siberia, totals are generally less than 16 inches (406 mm) and as little as 5 inches (127 mm) along the Arctic coast. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 28, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.8 inches. View static weather maps of Russia of wind, precipitation, temperature and cloud. We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.

The hottest day of the year is July 23, with an average high of 76°F and low of 58°F.

There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Moscow. Amounts vary with elevation; the higher parts of the Urals receive more than 28 inches (711 mm), and the mountains of Kamchatka province and the Sikhote-Alin receive well over 40 inches (1,015 mm) annually. A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. Percolating downward, acidic groundwater removes iron and calcium compounds from the upper layers, which, as a result, are pale in colour. Tundra soils are frozen for much of the year, and during the summer thaw drainage is inhibited by the presence of permafrost beneath the thawed surface layer. The darker period of the year lasts for 4.1 months, from October 17 to February 19, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.5 kWh. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 29, with an average total accumulation of 2.5 inches. The least snow falls around July 14, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

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